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This is the built-in help made by Microsoft for the command 'ConvertTo-Json', in PowerShell version 5 - as retrieved from Windows version 'Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard' PowerShell help files on 2016-06-23.

For PowerShell version 3 and up, where you have Update-Help, this command was run just before creating the web pages from the help files.


Converts an object to a JSON-formatted string


ConvertTo-Json [-InputObject] <Object> [-Compress] [-Depth [<Int32>]] [-InformationAction {SilentlyContinue | Stop | Continue | Inquire | Ignore | Suspend}]
[-InformationVariable [<System.String>]] [<CommonParameters>]

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The ConvertTo-Json cmdlet converts any object to a string in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format. The properties are converted to field names, the field values are
converted to property values, and the methods are removed.

You can then use the ConvertFrom-Json cmdlet to convert a JSON-formatted string to a JSON object, which is easily managed in Windows PowerShell.

Many web sites use JSON instead of XML to serialize data for communication between servers and web-based apps.

This cmdlet is introduced in Windows PowerShell 3.0.



Online Version: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkid=293951
An Introduction to JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) in JavaScript and .NET




Example 1

PS C:\>(Get-UICulture).Calendar | ConvertTo-Json


"MinSupportedDateTime": "\/Date(-62135568000000)\/",

"MaxSupportedDateTime": "\/Date(253402300799999)\/",

"AlgorithmType": 1,

"CalendarType": 1,

"Eras": [



"TwoDigitYearMax": 2029,

"IsReadOnly": false


This command uses the ConvertTo-Json cmdlet to convert a GregorianCalendar object to a JSON-formatted string.

Example 2

PS C:\>@{Account="User01";Domain="Domain01";Admin="True"} | ConvertTo-Json - Compress

This command shows the effect of using the Compress parameter of ConvertTo-Json. The compression affects only the appearance of the string, not its validity.

Example 3

The first command uses the ConvertTo-Json cmdlet to convert a System.DateTime object from the Get-Date cmdlet to a JSON-formatted string. The command uses the Select-Object
cmdlet to get all (*) of the properties of the DateTime object.The output shows the JSON string that ConvertTo-Json returned.
PS C:\>Get-Date | Select-Object -Property * | ConvertTo-Json


"DisplayHint": 2,

"DateTime": "Friday, January 13, 2012 8:06:16 PM",

"Date": "\/Date(1326441600000)\/",

"Day": 13,

"DayOfWeek": 5,

"DayOfYear": 13,

"Hour": 20,

"Kind": 2,

"Millisecond": 221,

"Minute": 6,

"Month": 1,

"Second": 16,

"Ticks": 634620819762218083,

"TimeOfDay": {

"Ticks": 723762218083,

"Days": 0,

"Hours": 20,

"Milliseconds": 221,

"Minutes": 6,

"Seconds": 16,

"TotalDays": 0.83768775241087956,

"TotalHours": 20.104506057861109,

"TotalMilliseconds": 72376221.8083,

"TotalMinutes": 1206.2703634716668,

"TotalSeconds": 72376.22180829999


"Year": 2012


The second command uses ConvertFrom-Json to convert the JSON string to a JSON object.
PS C:\>Get-Date | Select-Object -Property * | ConvertTo-Json | ConvertFrom-Json

DisplayHint : 2

DateTime : Friday, January 13, 2012 8:06:31 PM

Date : 1/13/2012 8:00:00 AM

Day : 13

DayOfWeek : 5

DayOfYear : 13

Hour : 20

Kind : 2

Millisecond : 400

Minute : 6

Month : 1

Second : 31

Ticks : 634620819914009002

TimeOfDay : @{Ticks=723914009002; Days=0; Hours=20; Milliseconds=400;

Minutes=6; Seconds=31; TotalDays=0.83786343634490734;
TotalHours=20.108722472277776; TotalMilliseconds=72391400.900200009;


Year : 2012

This command shows how to use the ConvertTo-Json and ConvertFrom-Json cmdlet to convert an object to a JSON string and a JSON object.

Example 4

PS C:\>$JsonSecurityHelp = Get-Content $pshome\Modules\Microsoft.PowerShell.Security\en-US\Microsoft.PowerShell.Security.dll-Help.xml | ConvertTo-Json

This command uses the ConvertTo-Json cmdlet to convert a Windows PowerShell help file from XML format to JSON format. You can use a command like this to use the help topic
content in a web service application.